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AWS Solutions Architect Associate (SAA-C02)


Kinesis Agent cannot write to a Kinesis Firehose for which the delivery stream source is already set as Kinesis Data Streams

Kinesis Data Stream (KDS)

  • Real-time data streaming service
  • Used to ingest data in real time directly from source
  • Capacity Modes
    • Provisioned
      • Publishing: 1MB/sec per shard or 1000 msg/sec per shard
      • Consuming:
        • 2MB/sec per shard (throughput shared between all consumers)
        • Enhanced Fanout: 2MB/sec per shard per consumer (dedicated throughput for each consumer)
      • Throughput scales with shards (manual scaling)
      • Pay per shard provisioned per hour
    • On-demand
      • No need to provision or manage the capacity
      • Default capacity provisioned - 4 MB/sec or 4000 records/sec
      • Scales automatically based on observed throughput peak during the last 30 days
      • Pay per stream per hour & data in/out per GB
  • Not Serverless
  • Data Retention: 1 day (default) to 365 days
  • A record consists of a partition key (used to partition data coming from multiple publishers) and data blob (max 1MB)
  • Records will be ordered in each shard
  • Producers use SDK, Kinesis Producer Library (KPL) or Kinesis Agent to publish records
  • Consumers use SDK or Kinesis Client Library (KCL) to consume the records
  • Once data is inserted in Kinesis, it can’t be modified or deleted (immutability)
  • Ability to reprocess (replay) data
  • Diagram
    • attachments/Pasted image 20220509221100.jpg

Kinesis Data Firehose (KDF)

  • Used to load streaming data into a target location
  • Writes data in batches efficiently (near real time)
    • Buffer size (size of the batch) - 1 MB to 128MB (default 5MB)
    • Buffer interval (how long to wait for buffer to fill up) - 60s to 900s (default 300s)
    • Greater the buffer size, higher the write efficiency, longer it will take to fill the buffer
  • Can ingest data in real time directly from source
  • Auto-scaling
  • Serverless
  • Destinations:
    • AWS: Redshift, S3, OpenSearch
    • 3rd party: Splunk, MongoDB, DataDog, NewRelic, etc.
    • Custom HTTP endpoint
  • Pay for data going through Firehose (no provisioning)
  • Supports custom data transformation using Lambda functions
  • No replay capability (does not store data like KDS) attachments/Pasted image 20230221145737.jpg

Kinesis Data Analytics (KDA)

  • Perform real-time analytics on Kinesis streams using SQL
  • Creates streams from SQL query response
  • Cannot ingest data directly from source (ingests data from KDS or KDF)
  • Auto-scaling
  • Serverless
  • Pay for the data processed (no provisioning)
  • Use cases:
    • Time-series analytics
    • Real-time dashboards
    • Real-time metrics
  • attachments/Pasted image 20230221151731.jpg

Kinesis Video Streams

  • Capture, process and store video streams

Last updated: 2023-02-21